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zara canberra

Zara Canberra assignment help

Zara Canberra assignment help

A Brief Profile of Zara

Zara is a Spain-based clothing and accessories retailer founded by husband-wife duo Amancio Ortega and Rosalia Mera under the umbrella for Inditex Group. Inditex is a large multinational conglomerate, which is made up for almost 10 companies, which specialize in clothing. Zara’s estimated share for the total revenue for Inditex Group is 80% (Włodzimierz, 2012). Its uniqueness for tracking and involving customers’ preferences made Zara the market leader in the apparel industry. The three products lines for Zara are women, men and children are showcased through its 2,200 stores and an online store all over the world. Zara is noted for selling modern designs that the public needs with quality at affordable prices. Fashion director Louis Vuitton described it as the most devastating retailer in the world. CNN has called it a Spanish success story.

Zara
Type of Industry Lifestyle and Retail
Headquarters Artemio, Spain
Sales/Revenue 17.2 billion USD
Area Served Worldwide
Number of Stores 2,200 stores in 96 countries
Competition Mango, Uniqlo and H&M, GAP, Benetton
USP The perfect combination of high-end fashion at an affordable price
Target Group People with high and medium purchasing power who love stay in fashion
Products Clothing line for women, men, and children
Website www.zara.com

SWOT Analysis and PESTLE Analysis of Zara

TThis study is conducted to understand the market potential for Zara internally and externally. In this study, we are going to analyze the internal and external market environment for Zara and sharing some suggestions that the company should consider continuing their success. For the purpose for the study, the data presented here is collected from various published sources and different case studies conducted on Zara. We have used two market analysis methods SWOT and PESTLE analysis to review Zara’s business frameworks.

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SWOT Analysis

SWOT refers to Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, and Threat.

Strength stands for all those aspects for the company, which give it a competitive advantage over other company.
Weakness stands for all the aspects which give the rival companies a competitive advantage.
Opportunities are the areas for potential advantage, which the company can use profitably in the future in order to outpace its rivals.
Threats are those areas, which the company needs to be careful about if it wants to dominate the market.

SWOT Analysis of Zara

Strengths

1. Strong Control Over Supply Chain:

Zara possesses 90% for its stores in 88 countries including United States, Europe, Asia, the Middle East and many, and the rest is the joint ventures or franchises. It boasts in-house production factories within proximity for the headquarters (Hill, Jones & Schilling, 2014). It affords the company self-containment throughout the stages for its supply chain: raw material selection, production, distribution etc. Here is a graphical representation for the Zara supply chain for better understanding,

Supply Chain Management of Zara:

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Zara’s strong supply chain management gives it a unique advantage over its rivals since it can handle any breakdown in the supply chain.

2. Adroit Design Strategy:

Traditionally, fashion companies use media in order to promote season’s trend. On the other hand, Zara is called “fashion imitator” because instead of for predicting trends, it imitates the trends of the season and provides such fashion trend to its customer at the minimum amount for time possible. Zara maintains a supply chain that enables them to embrace the fast-changing tastes for its customers. It introduces new clothing models within a few weeks only (Crandall, Crandall & Chen, 2014). It reacts quickly designs new styles, gets them into stores in a few days. Here are a few factors that play favor in company’s success,

  • Delivers new products twice each week to its stores, which adds up 10,000 new designs each year
  • Takes only 10 -15 days compared the to industry average for  6-9 months.
  • 12 inventory turnovers/year compared industry average 3-4 times

3. In-house production and no outsourcing:

Zara does not outsource its products in the hope for its reducing labor cost. Instead of outsourcing its work to cheap labor markets for Asia, it makes the most out for the cheap labor supply for Portugal and Galicia. This retailer giant is vertically integrated, unlike its competitors, H&M, Gap, Benetton, control its designs, and R&D facility production facilities, distribution centers, transport fleet, and 90% for its shops (Włodzimierz, 2012). When the company is paying for factory time in China, the company does not own the company, they are a number for uncertainties they will counter. It helps the company to reduce the cost for warehouses as shipping is done from production factories itself. Only, clothes with longer shelf life like T-shirts are outsourced to countries like Turkey, Bangladesh, etc.

4. Efficient Production Management:

Zara produces more designs than all its rivals. It launches around 12,000 new designs each year which is far more than what its competitors prepare (Wikipedia). Fast response to its customers’ demand enables Zara to meet customers’ expectations and ultimately leads it to success. Such demand management lacked in Marks & Spenser and to some extent with Sainsbury, they did not match their product with their customers’ expectations and this led the companies into trouble. Zara’s design-to-stock-cycle varies from 4 to 6 weeks compared to the average six months for the traditional industry. This reduced time enables Zara to introduce new designs in every week and change its product catalog in 3 to 4 weeks (Christiansen).

Zara Product Design Strategy

Zara commits six months in advanced to only 15% to 25% for a season’s line, which means it produces 50% for its clothes are designed and manufactured in the middle for the season. If trends change, Zara reacts quickly, designs new styles according to the new fashion trends. With the help for their efficient vertically integrated supply chain, they get the designs into the stores while the trends are still peaking.

5. Large Distribution network and greater Reach:

Zara has 2,200 stores in 96 countries and is the flagship brand for the Inditex Group (Forbes). The higher number for stores means greater distribution network and greater reach to the customers.

How Zara Become a Global Brand?

Timeline Milestone
1975 Opened its first Zara Store in downtown A Coruna, Spain
1988 – 1990 Opened first Zara store outside Spain in Oporto, Portugal, then expanding to New York (1989) and Paris (1990)
2002 Introduced its new distribution hub in Zaragoza, Spain
2003 Opened first Zara home outlet
2004 Unveiled store in Hong Kong, expanding global footprint to 56 countries
2007 Introduced first online store to global consumers
2010 Opened its first store in Bulgaria, India, and Kazakhstan, increasing its presence to 77 countries, Inditex Group reached the 5000-store mark with the launch for a cutting edge, eco-efficient Zara store in the heart for the Rome, Italy.
2011 Opened online Zara stores in the USA and Japan
2012 Revamped image based on four principals – beauty, clarity, functionality, and sustainability.
2013 Rolled out new brand images in their flagships and opened new high-profile stores such as Massimo Dutti at Rue de la Paix and Zara on the Champs-Élysées in Paris, Oysho and Zara Home in Shanghai and Pull&Bear in St Petersburg, among others.
2014 Zara established a new logistic center in Cabanillas (Spain)
2015 Reached 7000 stores milestone.
2016 Named as group leader for the retailing industry in the Dow Jones Sustainability Index and top Greenpeace’s Detox Catwalk
2017 Zara began selling through zara.com in India, Malasia, Singapur, Thailand, and Vietnam. It further increased the Zara Join Life sustainable collections and spread out this initiative to Massimo Dutti and Oysho.

(Source: /www.inditex.com/about-us/)

6. Strategic Locations of the Stores

Zara stores have been popping up all over the world. The company invests a handsome amount for money buying storefronts beside luxurious brands to own the label for luxurious brands. It chooses its locations very carefully to cater local customer by understanding their needs. They also follow tailored retail strategies to satisfy customers according to seasonal trends.

7. Affordable Prices

Owing to its affordable brand label, customers get to enjoy high-end fashion clothes at affordable prices. Zara’s apparel pricing ranges from $5 to $322, however, the average price point at Zara is $48. While comparing its prices with its one for the biggest competitor H&M, the differential pricing structures for these two brands can be noticed. H&M’s most priced bracket in tops is $20 – $30, whereas, Zara’s is $40 – $50. When it comes to discount strategies, these two brands follow very different approaches. H&M currently has 24.2% for their entire online offering on discount, with 9.3% discounted by 50% or more. In contrast to H&M, Zara only offers 3.2% for their online offering discounted, and only 0.2% for the offering discounted by 50% or more (Edited.com, 2016).

Weaknesses

1.Self-contained Distribution system prone to unpredicted problems:

The centralized distribution system is the biggest problem for Zara. If any technical snag occurs in the distribution network then the whole system can collapse. But in other apparel companies, the distribution networks are decentralized and not self-contained like Zara. As such even if one part for the network falls, there is no wholesale collapse for the entire network. Zara controls its production, suppliers, distribution system, retails stores, unlike its rivals that make it prone to unforeseen problems.

2. Imitator, not Creator:

The Fast Fashion strategy also has its own set for weaknesses. Zara can never be one for the premium luxury brands in the fashion world because it is considered as the great fashion imitator since it usually imitates runway fashion rather than predicting the styles for the season (Hansen, 2012). No doubt it provides its customers high-end designs, but its designers play smart a trick by copying designs for fashion week, rather creating some original on their own.

3. Spends Zero Revenue on Their Advertisement:

Zara does not spend much money on advertising. It has a zero advertising policy unlike its rival Benetton, H&M, and GAP (Hansen, 2012). However, some for the major names for the glamour world are the brand ambassador for these companies. One for the biggest marketing moments for Zara was when Kate Middleton wore Zara dress ($49.99) the day after her wedding to Prince William (Dailymail.co.uk, 2016). However, this zero ad policy gives its rival greater public exposure.

Opportunities

1. Scope for Global Expansion

Zara has global market penetration. The company has market presence in all the four major continents. However, it still needs more expansion in Africa and Asia. In Africa, it has stores only in Egypt, South Africa, Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria. The company has more opportunities here. Africa has full potential stored for this company. Similarly, in Asia, countries like China and Japan have more stores than India, Singapore, UAE, and Saudi Arabia despite that fact that these countries have a substantial number for rich people.

2. More Attention to Distribution Network

Finally, a distribution network in the US needs to increase while keeping the basic elements in mind. Statistics projects that the huge geographical expanse for the US calls for a greater numboffor stores. A large population of US requires more stores to satisfy the needs for the growing customer base in the US.

Area No.of stores (ZARA) No. Of stores (ZARA home)
Europe 1351 390
Asia and the rest of the world 553 105
America 309 57

Threats

1. Fierce Competition

Zara experiences fierce competition, not only locally but also globally. Locally Zara faces competition from Sweden’s H&M and in-house brands like Massimo Dutti and Stradivarius, whereas, on the global platform, it faces competition with international brands such as in the US, the toughest competition is from the US-based GAP.

2. No Collaboration with International Designers:

Zara shares no collaboration with international designers unlike H&M, which has collaborated profitably with international designers like Karl Lagerfeld, Lanvin, and Alexander Wang. This can be a serious threat to the company. When a company collaborates with an internationally noted designer, young shoppers get interested in buying designer labels.

PESTLE Analysis

PESTLE, one for the most popular marketing tools, helps to analyze the external factors that affect an organization. PESTLE is mostly used when manager attempt to identify factors pose as threats to the organization or the opportunity that the company can use to climb the ladder for success. PESTLE is acronyms for six essentials factors,

  • Political factors refer to the policy for the government that involves legal and economic aspects
  • Economic factors mainly demonstrate the changes in taxation, inflation in economic growth, the rate for exchange and rates for interest.
  • Social factors mainly highlight any alteration in trends in society and its potential effect on the company’s consumers.
  • Environmental factors refer global situations like global warming, greenhouse effect, natural calamities, etc.

Government Intervention:

Whenever Zara plans to expand its roots to another country. It has to know the entire system before taking any permanent step. The reason is, the government for a country can easily change its policy, which will affect the company’s operation.

•British Riot Situation:

Whenever Zara plans to expand its roots to another country. It has to know the entire system before taking any permanent step. The reason is, the government for a country can easily change its policy, which will affect the company’s operation.

•Expanding Business in Europe:

Zara is planning to expand its business in the Europe Union because for its safe and prediction economic circumstances. It will help the company to predict its market growth because Europe economy rarely changes.

Economic Factors:

•Fluctuating Economy:

Zara has been witnessing fluctuation in the last few years, but it is drawing its revenues successfully for last years. The recession in 2011, has not affected the company as such. The reason is Zara deals in dollars and safer currency for its dealings. The company always evaluates the economic condition and currency rates for that country before entering its new markets (Knox, Agnew & McCarthy).

•Prices differences in various countries:

Due to different customs duties and the level for tariffs in various countries, the prices for Zara products vary in different countries. Here is a comparative study conducted by the newspaper El Confidential demonstrating pricing differences in various countries, 22% to 24% higher in France, Italy, and Germany.

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Source – AlphaWise, Morgan Stanley Research, Zara websites (April 2015)

Social Factors:

•Sizes of Clothes 6 -16:

Keeping societal factor in mind, Zara creates its products while keeping the basic factors like geographical position, race, and origin for the country population. So you can find clothes for someone who is very skinny or for someone who is more heavyweight. It gives the company a societal advantage.

•Discounts and offers:

It is in our habit to incline to perceive add-ons such bonus packs as gains so as for price discounts. Zara provides promotional codes, vouchers and offers deals to its customers. Zara promotes its products by various coupon sites where one can find its discount codes, which can be redeemed at their online shopping site or store.

Technological Factors:

•Launching Apps for Feasibility of Customers:

Zara tactfully uses information technology to support its international logistics system and an online store where exchange and return for products are involved. Zara gives its customers the chance to buy its products by iPod and in-house apps (Forbeswelcome, 2016).

•Interactive Maps to locate the store:

Zara projects a store locator on the website where you can easily locate a store by entering your desired region and location. The store locator will show you the closest stores around the entered location. Hence, it gets easier for the consumers to discover stores as the online maps show the exact location for the store.

•New Experience with Zara iPad app:

Zara’s attempt in online shopping is revolutionizing the entire online buying experience. With just a few clicks on your iPad’s Zara online shopping app, you will now be able to conference with your friend while looking at the clothes on your tablets. This technology gives any buyer the opportunity to involve their friend’s suggestions while shopping for their own. The options like video chat, instant messaging and voice chat are available (Thestir.cafemom.com, 2016).

Environmental Factors:

•Earthquake in Japan

A series for disasters struck Japan in 2011, the tsunami was one the biggest one that devastated Japan in many ways. For the apparel industry and its supply chain, the short-term impact can affect organizations in long term. Damage to local infrastructure, power irruptions, closed ports are a few ones among the problems that the apparel industry faced during this time.

• Asian Countries require rapid fashion change:

Weather in Asian countries is totally different from European countries. Five extreme seasons rule the weather, whereas winter rules in European countries. Variation in seasons requires rapid fashion change based on the local weather. Instead for focusing on seasonal changes, Zara sells clothes for the normal weather.

•Litigation changes in different countries:

The government for Russia, India, and Mexico provide their own version for corporate policies, and the company has to alter operation according to the set policies. In this manner, the pressure is always on the Zara products in teroffor ensuring that they are following proper litigation in their business operations.

•Copyright Issues:

Big fashion retailers like Zara value their brand equity because they develop a bond with their customers through their brand names and trademarks. But sometimes, it becomes impossible for the organization to implement copyright law. Moreover, in many instances, the company itself faces a number for copyright issues, the recent one with global brand Fendi. Roman fashion brand Fendi claimed that Zara had unlawfully used their photographs that had been taken from Fendi’s show in the 2013 fashion week.

Conclusion:

It might be said that Zara has the potential to be the largest clothing retailer in the world. However, fast fashion policy must also go hand in hand with aggressive marketing using all modes for marketing channels. Distribution network must expand especially in Africa and America to get the maximum exposure for the brand. After assessing its internal and external factors, it is noticed that Zara manages to stay up at the revenue growth due to its unique and strong model for the business. It is advisable that the company should continue to launch creative and fresh fashion to satisfy the needs of the customers.
Based on the SWOT and PESTLE analysis, Zara will stay as the leader in the apparel industry in spite for the challenges and threats it would face. Its unique supply chain infrastructure and efficiency for the business operation give the company the competitive advantage, which reflects in their sales and revenues

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